WAEC GCE 1ST SERIES ENGLISH LANGUAGE THEORY AND OBJECTIVES

WAEC GCE 1ST SERIES ENGLISH LANGUAGE THEORY AND OBJECTIVES 2019 DUBS - Alitech 07066670798



 WAEC GCE 1ST SERIES ENGLISH LANGUAGE THEORY AND OBJECTIVES 2019 DUBS - By Alitech On January 26, 2019*


Saturday, 26th January, 2019

English Language 2 (Essay)
English Language 1 (Objective)

9.30 am – 11.30 am
11.30 am – 12.30 pm

English Language 3 (Test of Orals) 3.30 pm – 4.15 pm



ORAL ENGLISH:
1-10: CBCAADDBAB
11-20: ACBCBDBCDD
21-30: B-B-C-B
31-40: BBABABCAAB
41-50: DDABABCCBB
51-60: BBDCBDCBAB



ENGLISH OBJ:
1ACCDCBCAAD
11DDACCBBBCC
21CBCDBDBBCD
31DCADBABCBD
41BBBADCBCDB
51CBACAACDCD
61B-DBB
71ABCDCBCAB




Section A:- Essay
(2)
THE MENACE OF SECRET CULT IN OUR SCHOOL AND COLLEGE

A cult can be said to emanate from great and excessive admiration or belief in a person or idea. This could be manifested in rituals, praise songs, chants and worship. It is an unquestionable practice that may be difficult to dislodge even with superior argument. Secret cult could therefore be defined as a set of practices, belief system or idea whose essence is known only to the inner members and excessively admired and defended even to the point of laying down one’s life. Secret cult groups have in recent years expanded fast, become bold, and gradually becoming a societal norm. They have been left largely unchecked by the security agencies thus operating in such ways that they cannot be described as a ‘secret cult’ any longer but a cult group.

Cult activities in Nigerian universities include various forms of violence to suppress other cult groups, tormenting innocent and vulnerable students, organising raids, and in some cases armed robberies. Cult members are also used as thugs during election to foster violence and rig elections in favour of their sponsors. It is hard to believe that someone who gets inducted into a cult group would be moulded into a better person because these groups preach negative values that would gradually turn one into a menace in the high schools and colleges.

In Nigeria cult groups have not been restricted to corners of the university campuses. They have spread into the society at large and operate in various cells in our communities. Cult groups now recruit their members from tender age as early as secondary school students, they also recruit non-students in a bid to grow their membership.

••••••••••••••••••••••••••

5)

I’m sitting in a cafe in Melbourne when that song comes on, When Will I Be Famous? There I am sipping a fvlat white, they love their flat whites over here, and listening to this Aussie lad bang on about how he’s really into minimal techno. I’m nodding away to the sounds of Bros and smiling to myself, he probably thinks I’m being ironic or something. Molly would have been so much better at this online dating thing. She wouldn’t zone out in the middle of a conversation and start daydreaming about some boyband from the 1980s.

We used to sing it together at a karaoke bar called Same Same But Different during our J1 summer in New York, her on lead vocals, me on backing. We’d mock fight over which of us could have Luke Goss, the one we had decided was the better looking of the identical twins in Bros. But I knew if the unlikely situation did arise, Molly would get Luke and I’d have to settle for his slightly less handsome brother Matt. She loved that song, she was the one who wanted to be famous. In the end, she had her picture splashed across the newspapers for the worst possible reason. “Tragic twin” they called her.

The guy, his name is Luke funnily enough, is going on and on about how you can never replicate the sound of vinyl on a computer. I want to point out that minimal techno, as far as I’m aware, is made on a computer but I resist the temptation.

Instead I say “I was in New York a few years ago and I bought this Talking Heads record in a second-hand shop, but then I brought it to the cinema and my friend sat on it and broke it. I haven’t bought a record since.”

===========================

Section B:-

(6a)
The purpose of the gathering was to open a new house built by Chukwudi.

(6b)
They enjoyed the celebrants dance which then hired everyone to dance.

(6c)
People ate to their fill and as well, some drank to the extent they became intoxicated because there was surplus food and drink.

(6d)
(i) The anticlimax in the passage is the reminding of the repayment of the loan procured by Chukwudi to the brotherhood support bank.

(ii) Because, no sooner had he enjoyed the fullness of the celebration than he was reminded the task and implication of his loan settlement.

6e)
The bank official was jolted back ro reality in a glimpse.
6fi)
The figure of speech used -METAPHOR

6fii)
Because it compares the slave with the liquor.

6g)
i) Adverbial Clause.
Ii) it qualifies the word “Designated”

6h)
(i) Appreciate- Adequate
(ii) clutched – Gripped
(iii)helping- portion
(iv) steeped – engrossed
(iv)Earnestly- Sincerely

=======================

7a)
i) Proverbs are rich source of imagery and wisdom
ii) Proverbs are pithy and terse

7b)
i) It is used by adults comment on the behavior of people who are going astray
ii) It is employed by parents when counselling their children
iii) It is used to resolved conflict
iv) It is an important tools in oratory


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WAEC GCE 1ST SERIES 2019Biology 3 (Alternative to Practical Work)

WAEC GCE 1ST SERIES 2019Biology 3 (Alternative to Practical Work)



 (1ai)
A - Hind limbs
B - Fore limbs

(1aii)
I - Pelvis
II - Femur
III - Patella
IV - Tibia
V - Fibula
VI - Ulna
VII - Scapula
VIII - Clavicle
IX - Humerus
X - Ulna

(1b)
(i) Ball and socket joint
(ii) Hinge joint
(iii) Ball and socket joint
(iv) Hinge joint

(1c)loading



 (1d)
tabulate 
Specimen C
(i) possession of no tail 
(ii) possession of long and strong leg with bent shape 
iii) short neck is present 
(iv) possession of digits i.e pentadactyl digits 
(v) the nose is a bit pointed and not flat 
Specimen D 
(i) possession of tail 
(ii) possession of straight and short hind leg 
(iii) long and extended leg is present 
(iv) possession of no digits 
(v) the nose is flat 
(1e)
(i) D will run faster 
(ii) it posses almost equal length of hind leg and foreleg


 (1ai)
A - Hind limbs
B - Fore limbs

(1aii)
I - Pelvis
II - Femur
III - Patella
IV - Tibia
V - Fibula
VI - Ulna
VII - Scapula
VIII - Clavicle
IX - Humerus
X - Ulna

(1b)
(i) Ball and socket joint
(ii) Hinge joint
(iii) Ball and socket joint
(iv) Hinge joint

(1c)
I - Hips
III - Knee 
VII - Dhoulder


(1d)
Tabulate btwn C & D:

Specimen C:
(i) Possession of no tail
(ii) Possession of long and strong leg with bent shape
(iii) Presence of Short neck 
(iv) Possession of digits 
(v) The nose is pointed

Specimen D
(i) Possession of tail
(ii) Possession of straight and short hind limb
(iii) Presence of long and extended neck 
(iv) Absence of digits 
(v) The nose is flat

(1ei)
D will run faster

(1eii)
D is adapted to running on both fore and hind limbs while C runs with Only Hind limbs.

(1f)
(i) Kingdom:
C - Animalia
D - Animalia

(ii) Phylum:
C - Chordata
D - Chordata

(iii) Class:
C - Mammalia
D - Mammalia. 



(2a)
Y - Stem of vascular plant
Z - Carnivorous plant

(2bi)
It helps to reduce effect of insects on green plants

(2bii)
(i) It attract the pollination
(ii) It help for photosynthesis

(2ci)
I - Apex
II - Leaf blade
III - Leaf margin
IV - Midrib
V - Petiole
VI - Stipule

(2cii)
II - It connects the network venation
IV - It contain chloroplast for photosynrhesis
V - It attaches the leaves to the stem
VI - It helps to connect the blade



[Corrected 2bi and 2di]

*(2bi)*
*For reproduction*

*(2di)*
*Nitrogen*
--------------------

(2a)
Y - Stem of vascular plant
Z - Carnivorous plant

*(2bi)*
*For reproduction*

(2bii)
(i) It attract the pollination
(ii) It help for photosynthesis

(2ci)
I - Apex
II - Leaf blade
III - Leaf margin
IV - Midrib
V - Petiole
VI - Stipule

(2cii)
II - It connects the network venation
IV - It contain chloroplast for photosynrhesis
V - It attaches the leaves to the stem
VI - It helps to connect the blade



*(2di)*
*Nitrogen*

(2dii)
(i) Autotrophic feeding
(ii) Heterotrophic feeding


3ai)
A - Bear
B - Cactus plant
C - zebra
D - preying martia
E - chameleon
F - Tree plant

aii)
A- Aquatic (cold region)
B - Terrestrial
C - Terrestrial
D - Aboreal
E - Aboreal
For - Aquatic

3bi) tabulate
- A -
Biological feature - fur
Function - to maintain their body temperature

- B -
Biological feature - thorn
Function - prevention against predators

- C -
Biological feature -
Functions -

- D -
Biological feature - Skin
Function - camouflage use for the prevention from prey


*(2di)*
Nirogen

*(2dii)*
(i) Autotrophic feeding
(ii) Heterotrophic feeding

✔✔✔✔✔✔✔
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WAEC GCE 1ST SERIES 2019 Geography 2(Essay) and Geography 1(Objective)

WAEC GCE 1ST SERIES GEOGRAPHY 2019 DUBS - Alitech  07066670798


WAEC GCE 1ST SERIES 2019 Geography 2(Essay) and
Geography 1(Objective)


Geography obj
1BCAADACBBC
11CACAADBBCC
21ADACBBDDAC
31BBBAACBDBA
41CBBABDDCAC


(1ai)
Manufacturing Industry is The branch of manufacture and trade based on the fabrication, processing, or preparation of products from raw materials and commodities. This includes all foods, chemicals, textiles, machines, and equipment.

(1aii)
(i)concentrated in towns;
(ii)mainly import substituting;
(iii)depend on imported machinery/technology;
(iv)mainly light industries

(1b)
(i)It checks the drift of young people from the rural areas to the towns and cities.
(ii)Labour is likely to be cheaper in the rural areas.
(iii)Transportation and accommodation problems of staff are likely to be less acute.
(iv)The industrial atmosphere would be more peaceful, free from traffic congestion.

(v)Land is likely to be more easily available in the rural areas
(3a)
(i) speed: air transport is faster than other means of transportation
(ii) freedom from hindrance : aircrafts are free from all forms of surface hindrance such as swam, mountain etc unlike road transport , and the others

(3b)
(i) air transport is very expensive and all might not be able to afford it
(ii) most aircrafts are only of medium size and cannot take a larger amount of goods
(iii) airports are located in some major centers only

(3c)
i) the prices of flight in the airport should be reduced so that it can be affordable to all people not only the rich
ii) the size of some aircrafts should be increased to accomodate a large number of people and goods
iii) Areas should be developed for more centers of aircrafts to be created






6a

i) pollution : oil pollution and spillage destroys marine life and vegetation

ii) rainfall : excessive rainfall disturbs outdoor economic activities and adversely affects agricultural activities

iii) salinity : salinity is high in soil water which affects agriculture and drinking water

iv) invasion of coastal rivers, creek and lagoons by Marine weeds especially hyacinth

v) mangrove swamp and poor drainage systems inhibit road constructions

6b

i) flood control devices and systems should be designed

ii) improved transportation through dredging and clearing of water weed etc

iii) control of environmental impact of oil exploration activities

iv) introduction of speed boats to facilitate movements

v) land reclamation devices and services should also be constructed

(3a)
(i) Air transport is the fastest means of transport than other means of transport.
(ii) it saves time 
(3b)
(i) Cost of operating airlines is very high and so freight cost is very high as compared to other mode of transport.
(ii) It is difficult to carry bulky, awkwardly shaped goods.
(iii) Very risky in case of accident.
(iv) It is controlled by climatic conditions; thus bad weather leads to uncertainty in its time table.
(3c)
(i)the prices of flight in the airport should be reduced so that it can be affordable 
(ii)the size of some aircrafts should be increased to accommodate a large number of people and goods
(iii)Weather conditions should be checked properly before taking off.

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WAEC GCE 1ST SERIES CHEMISTRY 2019 DUBS - Alitech 07066670798

WAEC GCE 1ST SERIES CHEMISTRY 2019 DUBS - Alitech 07066670798 

WAEC GCE 1ST SERIES CHEMISTRY 2019 DUBS

CHEMISTRY OBJ:
1-10 BDABADDCAA
11-20: DADCDBDBAC
21-30: BDADDBBCAD
31-40: AAD–BBCAB
41-50: –BBAACBA-

(1a)
Helium’ ^4 He has a stable electron configuration compound Be because it has a complete filled valance electron.
(1bi)

After forming an ionic bond.
1H becomes H^+ : it will have zero electron
After forming an ionic bond.
3Li^+ becomes 3Li^+ : it will have two electrons 
(1bii)
1H^+ had one electron while neutral. On forming an ionic bond, it loses one electron
3Li^+ had 3 electrons while neutral. On forming an ionic bond, it loses one electron 
(1ci)
Raw materials should be easily and cheaply obtainable 
(1cii)
Means of transport
(1d)
(i)low evolution of heat
(ii)low energy waste
(1e)
No of moles of chlorine reacting = 21.3/71= 0.3moles
From the equation, ratio at temperature to chlorine is 1:8
No of moles of temperature = 0.3/8 = 0.0375
Using the no. of moles = mass/molar mass 
Mass of turpentine = 0.0375 x 136 = 5.1g
(1f)
Cracking means breaking down or decomposition of compound by the action of the heat alone
(1g)
(i)stability
(ii)size of atomic ratio 
(1h)
Carbohydrates are naturally occurring organic compound containing hydrogen and oxygen with the hydrogen and oxygen present in the ratio of 2:1
(1i)
(i)A simple sugar is crystalline, starch is not
(ii)A simple sugar is soluble in water , starch is not 
(1j)
(i)H2CO2/ H2CO3—–>2H^+CO3^2-
(ii)CH2COOH/CH2COOH—–>CH2COO^1
(2ai)
(i)dilute acids and metal (soluble salt)
(ii)Alkali and acid (soluble salt)
(iii)double decomposition 
(2aii)
(i)dilute acids and metal (soluble salt):
Zn(s) + 2HCl(aq)———>ZnCl(aq) + H2(aq)
(ii)Alkali and acid (soluble salt): NaOH(aq)+HNO3(aq)—–>NaNO3(aq)+H2O(s)
(iii)double decomposition:AgNO3(aq)+NaCl(aq)——>AgCl(s)+NaNO3(aq)
(2aiii)
(i)used in manufacturing of glass
(ii)used to standardized acid in the laboratory

(1a)
Helium’ ^4 He has a stable electron configuration compound Be because it has a complete filled valance electron.
(1bi)

After forming an ionic bond.
1H becomes H^+ : it will have zero electron
After forming an ionic bond.
3Li^+ becomes 3Li^+ : it will have two electrons 
(1bii)
1H^+ had one electron while neutral. On forming an ionic bond, it loses one electron
3Li^+ had 3 electrons while neutral. On forming an ionic bond, it loses one electron 
(1ci)
Raw materials should be easily and cheaply obtainable 
(1cii)
Means of transport
(1d)
(i)low evolution of heat
(ii)low energy waste
(1e)
No of moles of chlorine reacting = 21.3/71= 0.3moles
From the equation, ratio at temperature to chlorine is 1:8
No of moles of temperature = 0.3/8 = 0.0375
Using the no. of moles = mass/molar mass 
Mass of turpentine = 0.0375 x 136 = 5.1g
(1f)
Cracking means breaking down or decomposition of compound by the action of the heat alone
(1g)
(i)stability
(ii)size of atomic ratio 
(1h)
Carbohydrates are naturally occurring organic compound containing hydrogen and oxygen with the hydrogen and oxygen present in the ratio of 2:1
(1i)
(i)A simple sugar is crystalline, starch is not
(ii)A simple sugar is soluble in water , starch is not 
(1j)
(i)H2CO2/ H2CO3—–>2H^+CO3^2-
(ii)CH2COOH/CH2COOH—–>CH2COO^1
(2ai)
(i)dilute acids and metal (soluble salt)
(ii)Alkali and acid (soluble salt)
(iii)double decomposition 
(2aii)
(i)dilute acids and metal (soluble salt):
Zn(s) + 2HCl(aq)———>ZnCl(aq) + H2(aq)
(ii)Alkali and acid (soluble salt): NaOH(aq)+HNO3(aq)—–>NaNO3(aq)+H2O(s)
(iii)double decomposition:AgNO3(aq)+NaCl(aq)——>AgCl(s)+NaNO3(aq)
(2aiii)
(i)used in manufacturing of glass
(ii)used to standardized acid in the laboratory
(2b)
The impure copper is made the anode in an electrolytic cell containing pure copper and cathodes and copper (II) tetra oxo-sulphate VI solutions as the electrolyte 
At cathode
4OH^(aq)—->2H2O(s) + (aq) + 4e
At anode 
Cu(s)—–>Cu^2+(aq)+2e
(2c)
for sodium chloride = 39.0-36.6/39.0100% =2.7/39100%
=0.0692100% =6.92% for siliver nitrate = 952-297/952100%
=655/952*100%
=68.8%

(3a)
(i)all elements are made up of small indivisible particles called atoms
(ii)atoms can nither be create nor destoryed
(iii)when atoms combine with other atoms they do so in simple ratios
(3aii)
law of multiple proportion state when two or more elements/compounds have multiple ways of combining into different compounds.
(3bi)
-margarine
-soap
-candles
(3bii) CH3(CH2)4CH=CHCH2CH=CH(CH2)7COOH + 2H2(g) ———> CH3(CH2)6COOH

CH3(CH2)14COOC2H5 + NAOH——-> CH3(CH2)14COONa + C2H5OH

5ii
👉 Carbon dioxide is colorless
.👉 At low concentrations the gas is odorless;

5eii

👉 Carbon dioxide is an acidic oxide and reacts with water to give carbonic acid. 
👉 Carbon dioxide reacts with alkalis to give carbonates and bicarbonates

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WAEC GCE 1ST SERIES AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE SOLUTIONS 2019

WAEC GCE 1ST SERIES AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE SOLUTIONS 2019
Waec GCE Alitech

AGRIC OBJ:
1-10: DADABDBBBD
11-20: CDDBBDBCCD
21-30: DACADCDABC
31-40: AAACDDADCB
41-50: BABADCBAAB

(1a)
(i) WARDA – West Africa Rice Development Association
(ii) IITA – International Institute of Tropical Agriculture
(iii) FAO – Food and Agriculture Organization
(iv) ILCA – International Livestock Center for Africa

(1b)
(i) It provides food 
(ii) It brings about rural development
(iii) It provides employment to rural communities
(iv) It provides shelter to rural communities
(v) It generates income for rural farmers
(vi) Agriculture can make a rural community a place for investors to invest.

(1c)
(i) Calcium carbonate
(ii) Calcium hydroxide
(iii) Magnesium oxide
(iv) Calcium oxide

(1d)
(i) Chalk 
(ii) Breccia
(iii) Limestone

(iv) Sandstone
(3ai)
Drainage is the natural or artificial removal of a surface’s water and sub-surface water from an area.

(3aii)
(i)Drainage helps in reclaiming water logged soil for crop production 
(ii)It improves soil aeration for good root respiration 
(iii)It helps to increase the soil temperature for the benefit of crop plants 
(iv)It enhances early planting of crops

(3b)
(i)Soil pH
(ii)Oxidation State and pH:
(iii)Inorganic Reaction
(iv)Organic Combinations

(3c)
Tabulate
(i)Rice blast : Magnaporthe grisea
(ii)Groundnut Rosette: insect vectors
(iii)cassava mosaic: Begomovirus
(iv)Root knot of tomato: Meloidogyne
(v)maize rust: Puccinia sorghi
(vi)tristeza: Closterovirus

=======================================

(5ai)
Malnutrition: results from a poor diet or a lack of food. It happens when the intake of nutrients or energy is too high, too low, or poorly balanced.

(5aii)
Weaning: the accustom (an infant or other young mammal) to food other than its mother’s milk”. Essentially, the babies are removed from their mothers and placed on a man-made feeding system. This process takes place within many farming operations, such as dairy, sheep, goats etc.

(5aiii)
Heat period: it is the period that reproductive physiology and endocrinology (hormone) of the female animal is ready for reproduction. The fact is; “no heat, no pregnancy.”

(5aiv)
Candling: egg-grading process in which the egg is inspected before a penetrating light in a darkened room for signs of fertility, defects, or freshness. First used to check embryo development in eggs being incubated

(5b)
-Maintenance ration is given to farm animals just sufficient/enough to maintain/sustain the basic/basal metabolic functions of the body
-Production ration is given to farm animals to enable them produce either egg, meat, milk, offspring, hair/fur/wool/work

(5c)
(i)severe weight loss (cachexia)
(ii)poor wound healing
(iii)changes in body mass

(5d)
(i)Climate Change
(ii)Flooding and Drought
(iii)Loss of Biodiversity
(iv)Erosion of soil 
(v)Disruption of the Water Cycle

=======================================

(6ai)
Marketing:- The term marketing in agricultural economics involves all the activities or processes relating to the flow of goods and services from the producer(manufacturer)to the final consumer.

(6aii)
Retailers:-Retailers in agricultural economics is the second form of middlemen. They usually follow the wholesalers in the chain of distribution of goods. They also ensure regular supply of goods and services to the consumer and also create employment opportunity to people

(6aiii)
Wholesalers:-wholesalers in agricultural economics are the part of the middlemen. they buy goods in large quantities. they provide warehousing services and also provide transport facilities

(6b)
(i)Lack of Organised Marketing System
(ii)Lack of Financial Resources
(iii)Too Many Intermediates
(iv)Defective Weights and Scales
(v)Illiteracy and Lack of Unity among Farmers

(6c)
(i) Government regulations
(ii) Transportation Costs
(iii) Labour/production Costs
(iv) Marketing Methods Used
(v) Tension of supply-demand relationship

=======================================

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WAEC GCE CIVIC EDUCATION 1ST SERIES 2019 RUNS - Alitech 07066670798

WAEC GCE CIVIC EDUCATION 1ST SERIES 2019 RUNS - Alitech 07066670798


CIVIC EDUCATION ANSWERS WAEC GCE 1ST SERIES 2019

CIVIC EDUCATION
1-10: DDBCCDCCBA
11-20: ABBCCCBACD
21-30: CBDADBBBDB
31-40: CCC-CBCACC
41-50: DBCBBAAACA

(1a)
(i)To educate the citizens on their Right and duties
(ii)to make the citizens aware of what is happening in the country 
(iii)to help the citizens participate I. The political government affairs of the country
(iv)to educate the citizens on the laws of the land
(v)to make the citizens to avoid reporting politics mistakes made in the past

(1b)
(i) Volunteer to support democratic institutions (League of Women Voters).
(ii)Express concern about the welfare of the community as a whole (environment, public health and safety, education).
(iii)Help to make the community a good place to work and live (by becoming involved with public service organizations, tutoring, volunteering in nursing homes).
(iv)democratic society requires the active participation of its citizens.

(v)citizens help the community service to gain skills. These skills can range from teaching to medicine to construction and more.
(6a)
(i)Contracted between broken skin 
(ii)Contracted by wounds
(iii)Contracted by mucous membranes

(6b)
(i)Low levels of access: to antiretroviral treatment remains an issue for people living with HIV, meaning that there are still many AIDS-related deaths in Nigeria.
(ii)Punitive laws against: homosexuality mean that men who have sex with men face difficulties accessing HIV services.

(iii)Nigeria also has the fourth largest tuberculosis epidemic in the world, with HIV and TB co-infection now becoming an increasing concern for people living with HIV.
(8)
(i)Lack of trust in governance. This is different from the dislike of politicians. In this case, this is an issue of not believing in the way of governance and lacking the interest to see governance improve. Most people also have lost hope of a better governance and therefore a reason for their political apathy.
(ii)Campaign violence. Due to the level of violence that always occur during the build-up to elections, most people stay away from electoral process for the safety of their lives. Also, the violence was seen during campaign always damage the credibility of most political parties and their candidates among the people. And because of this, the level of political apathy keeps growing. 
(iii)Lack of credible candidate. Since the beginning of the post-military era, there has been a continuous cycle of politicians. People do not have so many options from which they vote. 
(iv)Weak security measures during elections. Most people believe that their votes are not secured during elections. This is as a result of the history of election rigging, snatching of ballot boxes, disruption of voting centres by thugs, etc. And as a result, people don’t participate in the voting process.

(v)The popular belief that the votes don’t count. Most Nigerians believe that their vote do not count. This is one of the main reasons why a lot of Nigerian always refuse to turn out for voters registration. And during elections, most decide to stay back at home because of the general feeling and belief that their votes will have no impact on the outcome of the election
(9a)
public service is a service which is provided by government to people living within its jurisdiction, either directly (through the public sector) or by financing private provision of services.

(9b)
(i)Measure your performance and continuously improve
(ii)Create streamlined experiences
(iii)Offer multichannel choice
(iv)Empower your frontline employees
(v)Empower your customers
(vi)Establish a knowledge foundation


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WAEC GCE FIRST SERIES GOVERNMENT 2019 DUBS

WAEC GCE FIRST SERIES GOVERNMENT 2019 DUBS


OBJ GOVERNMENT
1-10: CDBCDBACBD
11-20: BADDCADABB
21-30: BBCACCCABA
31-40: CAAAADCBAD
41-50: ADCCBDCBCA

(No1)
1)Power of Judicial Review
The power of Judicial Review refers to that concession given to the judiciary to review laws or aspect of the law and say exactly what the law is saying. Since the judiciary has the power to say what the law is, it served as a limitation to the powers of the legislature.  

2)Influence of the Executive
Most legislatures now wait for bills that are proposed by the executive before they discuss and pass them into law. These bills are extensively discussed by the executive and fine tuned before their introduction in Parliament. Apart from this, if the executive does not append his signature to the bill, it cannot become a law. This limits the powers of the legislature.

3)Lack of time
The work of the modern legislature has become so enormous that there is hardly enough time to adequately discuss issues that are brought before it for deliberation. Consequent to this problem of lack of time is the fact that the bills are sometimes not properly scrutinized before they are passed into law. The danger is that, the legislature may pass a bad law.

4)Party whips
The duty of the party whip is make sure they whip members on their side of the political divide into line. The party whip can direct members of his party to vote in a certain direction on a national issue. This means that Members of Parliament are not free to vote using their own conscience and the interest of their constituents.

5)Influence of Pressure Groups
Pressure groups exist to influence laws favour of their members. Various pressure groups use various methods, including lobbying and demonstrations, to put pressure on the legislature to pass laws that inure to the benefit of their members. In 1995, pressure groups put pressure on the legislature to alter the threshold of VAT charge.

*2(a)* A bicameral legislature simply refers to a particular body of government that consists of two legislative houses or chambers.

 *2(b)* 
 *(1) Prevention of hasty legislation:* bicameralism is defended on the ground that it prevents hasty legislation. It is said that the second chamber by interposing delay and restrain will prevented the enactment of hastily passed bills of the other chamber.

 *(2) Safeguard of individual liberty:* 
Secondly, Bryce opined that second chambers of legislature can safeguard individual liberty. In his opinion, one chamber possesses an innate tendency to be tyrannical and corrupt in the absence of a check by the existence of another house of equal power.

 *(3) Representation of different interests:* 
Thirdly bicameral legislature is defended on the ground that it gift representation to the different interests. For instance, the Rajya Sabha in India has 12 nominated members with repute in the fields of art, science, literature and social service.

These persons fields not otherwise be elected to the Lok Sabha whose membership is confined to elected representatives only.

 *(5) Smooth working of the legislature:* 
Fifthly, it facilities the working of the legislature. Complexity and the bulk of modern legislation demand that the second chamber should exist to lighten the burden of the popular chamber. Non-controversial bills may be introduced in the upper chamber.


(4a)
A simple majority is a vote taken by an organization where at least 51% of the members must vote yes to approve a bill before it is accepted. The United States national government has two lawmaking bodies, the House of Representatives and the Senate, which share responsibility for making the nation's laws.

(4b)
A. discourages election malpractices
B. gives an accurate result of an election
C. is very suitable to large countries
D. is simple and cheap to operate
E. is useful in developing countries


(5)
(i)Prevents dictatorship:
Federation serves as a check on the emergence of dictatorship in a state.
(ii)Common defense against external aggression:
A federation enables the federating units to come together to defend themselves against external attack. 
(iii)It promotes local participation: A federation allows people at the local level to take part in the political process of their country. 
(iv)Pooling of resources:
A federation is economically advantageous because it allows the various federating units to pool their resources together for development of the entire country.
(v)Encourages rapid social and economic development:
Federalism promotes rapid social and economic development in all the federating units.

(9a)
(i) Promotion of Cooperation and development
(ii)Harmonization of Agricultural, Economic, Monetary and Industrial Policies
(iii)Abolition of trade restrictions and Customs Duties.


(9b)
(i)The adoption of the Macroeconomic Convergence Report by the ECOWAS Convergence Counci and Establishment of the ECOWAS Monetary Institute (EMI)

(ii)Adoption of methodological guides for the harmonization of Public Finance Statistics, Government Financial Operations Tables (TOFE), External Trade Statistics, Balance of Payment (BOP) and International Investment Position (IIP).

(iii)Free Movement of goods and persons boosted with the adoption of the ECOWAS Biometric Identity Card to facilitate mobility and promote security in the region.

(iv)Feasibility study for the extension of the West African Gas Pipeline Network concluded And Development of Regional Power Market with the setting up of regulatory and economic environment.

(No1)
1)Power of Judicial Review
The power of Judicial Review refers to that concession given to the judiciary to review laws or aspect of the law and say exactly what the law is saying. Since the judiciary has the power to say what the law is, it served as a limitation to the powers of the legislature.

2)Influence of the Executive
Most legislatures now wait for bills that are proposed by the executive before they discuss and pass them into law. These bills are extensively discussed by the executive and fine tuned before their introduction in Parliament. Apart from this, if the executive does not append his signature to the bill, it cannot become a law. This limits the powers of the legislature.

3)Lack of time
The work of the modern legislature has become so enormous that there is hardly enough time to adequately discuss issues that are brought before it for deliberation. Consequent to this problem of lack of time is the fact that the bills are sometimes not properly scrutinized before they are passed into law. The danger is that, the legislature may pass a bad law.

4)Party whips
The duty of the party whip is make sure they whip members on their side of the political divide into line. The party whip can direct members of his party to vote in a certain direction on a national issue. This means that Members of Parliament are not free to vote using their own conscience and the interest of their constituents.

5)Influence of Pressure Groups
Pressure groups exist to influence laws favour of their members. Various pressure groups use various methods, including lobbying and demonstrations, to put pressure on the legislature to pass laws that inure to the benefit of their members. In 1995, pressure groups put pressure on the legislature to alter the threshold of VAT charge.

2(a) A bicameral legislature simply refers to a particular body of government that consists of two legislative houses or chambers.

2(b) 
(1) Prevention of hasty legislation: bicameralism is defended on the ground that it prevents hasty legislation. It is said that the second chamber by interposing delay and restrain will prevented the enactment of hastily passed bills of the other chamber.

(2) Safeguard of individual liberty: 
Secondly, Bryce opined that second chambers of legislature can safeguard individual liberty. In his opinion, one chamber possesses an innate tendency to be tyrannical and corrupt in the absence of a check by the existence of another house of equal power.

(3) Representation of different interests: 
Thirdly bicameral legislature is defended on the ground that it gift representation to the different interests. For instance, the Rajya Sabha in India has 12 nominated members with repute in the fields of art, science, literature and social service.

These persons fields not otherwise be elected to the Lok Sabha whose membership is confined to elected representatives only.

(5) Smooth working of the legislature: 
Fifthly, it facilities the working of the legislature. Complexity and the bulk of modern legislation demand that the second chamber should exist to lighten the burden of the popular chamber. Non-controversial bills may be introduced in the upper chamber.

(4a)
A simple majority is a vote taken by an organization where at least 51% of the members must vote yes to approve a bill before it is accepted. The United States national government has two lawmaking bodies, the House of Representatives and the Senate, which share responsibility for making the nation’s laws.

(4b)
A. discourages election malpractices
B. gives an accurate result of an election
C. is very suitable to large countries
D. is simple and cheap to operate
E. is useful in developing countries

(5)
(i)Prevents dictatorship:
Federation serves as a check on the emergence of dictatorship in a state.
(ii)Common defense against external aggression:
A federation enables the federating units to come together to defend themselves against external attack. 
(iii)It promotes local participation: A federation allows people at the local level to take part in the political process of their country. 
(iv)Pooling of resources:
A federation is economically advantageous because it allows the various federating units to pool their resources together for development of the entire country.
(v)Encourages rapid social and economic development:
Federalism promotes rapid social and economic development in all the federating units.

(9a)
(i) Promotion of Cooperation and development
(ii)Harmonization of Agricultural, Economic, Monetary and Industrial Policies
(iii)Abolition of trade restrictions and Customs Duties.

(9b)
(i)The adoption of the Macroeconomic Convergence Report by the ECOWAS Convergence Counci and Establishment of the ECOWAS Monetary Institute (EMI)

(ii)Adoption of methodological guides for the harmonization of Public Finance Statistics, Government Financial Operations Tables (TOFE), External Trade Statistics, Balance of Payment (BOP) and International Investment Position (IIP).

(iii)Free Movement of goods and persons boosted with the adoption of the ECOWAS Biometric Identity Card to facilitate mobility and promote security in the region.

(iv)Feasibility study for the extension of the West African Gas Pipeline Network concluded And Development of Regional Power Market with the setting up of regulatory and economic environment.

(10a)
(i)To provide free education at all levels for all citizens of Nigeria with effect from October 1, 1979.
(ii)To integrate rural development with a view to increasing food
production.
(iii)To provide health facility for all citizens.
(10b)
(i)The party won some governorship elections in 1979 and 1983 e.g. Lagos, Ogun, etc.
(ii)The party won some seats in National Assembly (Senate and House of Representatives both 1979 and 1983.
(iii)The party pursued its free education programme in the states it controlled.
(iv) It provided free medical facilities in all the states controlled by the party.

Completed. 
Stay tune for the next paper Alitech regards 💪.

WAEC GCE 1ST SERIES JAN/FEB TIMETABLE 2019 - Alitech 07066670798

WAEC GCE 1ST SERIES JAN/FEB TIMETABLE 2019 - Alitech  07066670798





DATE SUBJECT/PAPER TIME
Monday, 21st January, 2019

2019 WAEC GCE JAN/FEB TIMETABLE
Civic Education 2 (Essay)
Civic Education 1 (Objective)

9.30 am – 11.30 am
11.30 am – 12.30 pm

Agricultural Science 3 (Alternative to Practical Work) 3.00 pm – 4.30 pm
Tuesday, 22nd January, 2019

Agricultural Science 2 (Essay)
Agricultural Science 1 (Objective)

9.30 am – 11.40 am

11.40 am – 12.30 pm
Wednesday, 23rd January, 2019

Government 2 (Essay)
Government 1 (Objective)

9.30 am – 11.30 am
11.30 am – 12.30 pm

Chemistry 2 (Essay)
Chemistry 1 (Objective)

2.00 pm – 4.00 pm

4.00 pm – 5.00 pm
Thursday, 24th January, 2019

Hausa 2 (Essay)
Hausa 1 (Objective)

9.30 am – 11.30 am
11.30 am – 12.30 pm

Igbo 2 (Essay)
Igbo 1 (Objective)

9.30 am – 11.30 am
11.30 am – 12.30 pm

Yoruba 2 (Essay)
Yoruba 1 (Objective)

9.30 am – 11.30 am
11.30 am – 12.30 pm

Chemistry 3 (Alternative to Practical Work) 3.30 pm – 5.00 pm
Friday, 25th January, 2019

Geography 2(Essay)
Geography 1(Objective)

9.30 am – 11.30 am
11.30 am – 12.30 pm

Biology 3 (Alternative to Practical Work) 3.00 pm – 5.00 pm
Saturday, 26th January, 2019

English Language 2 (Essay)
English Language 1 (Objective)

9.30 am – 11.30 am
11.30 am – 12.30 pm

English Language 3 (Test of Orals) 3.30 pm – 4.15 pm
Monday 28th January, 2019

Physics 2 (Essay)
Physics 1 (Objective)

9.30 am – 11.00 am
11.00 am – 12.15 pm

Geography 3 (Practical and Physical Geography) 3.00 pm – 4.50 pm
Tuesday, 29th January, 2019

Economics 2 (Essay)
Economics 1 (Objective)

9.30 am – 11.30 am
11.30 am – 12.30 pm

Physics 3 (Alternative to Practical Work) 2.00 pm – 4.45 pm

Wednesday, 30th January, 2019

Christian Religious Studies 2 (Essay)
Christian Religious Studies 1 (Objective)

9.30 am – 11.30 am
11.30 am – 12.30 pm

Islamic Studies 2 (Essay)
Islamic Studies 1 (Objective)

9.30 am – 11.30 am
11.30 am – 12.30 pm

Literature-In-English 2(Prose)
Literature-In-English 1 (Objective)

2.00 pm – 3.15 pm

3.15 pm – 4.15 pm
Thursday, 31st January, 2019

Biology 2 (Essay)
Biology 1 (Objective)

9.30 am – 11.10 am
11.10 am – 12.00 noon

Financial Accounting 2 (Theory and Practice)
Financial Accounting 1 (Objective)

2.00 pm – 4.30 pm

4.30 pm – 5.30 pm
Friday, 1st February, 2019

Commerce 2 (Essay)
Commerce 1 (Objective)

9.30 am – 11.30 am
11.30 am – 12.20 pm

Literature-in-English 3 (Drama & Poetry) 3.00 pm – 5.30 pm
Saturday, 2nd February, 2019

General Mathematics 2 (Essay)
General Mathematics 1 (Objective)

9.30 am – 12.00 noon

2.00 pm – 3.30 pm
Monday, 4th February, 2019

Further Mathematics 2 (Essay) 9.30 am – 12 noon
Further Mathematics 1 (Objective) 3.00 pm – 4.30 pm

CALL/CHAT ALITECH AKA ESGISTLINE 07066670798
FOR YOUR WAEC GCE JAN/FEB SERIES SUBSCRIPTIONS AND SCORE NOTHING LESS THAN AS AND BS Alitech Regards.